7 Things the Bible Says about Sex
The church’s emphasis on maintaining abstinence during courtship or dating sometimes leaves people feeling as if the Bible says that sex itself is bad.
However, the Bible does not say that sex in itself is a bad thing.
Sex was designed by God to be good within the context of marriage, it is good. Knowing your partner and caring more for them makes physical intimacy grows more meaningful.
When our culture says that sex is good in other contexts, that’s where there’s an inherent conflict.
Here are 7 things about sex that we can deduce from the book of Songs of Solomon.
- Sex is romantic
Chapter 4 of Songs of Solomon takes us into the bedroom of Solomon and his bride, immediately after their wedding. Over the course of their relationship they’ve exposed their hearts to one another, and now, finally, their bodies. But they don’t rip their clothes off and jump into bed. After all of that waiting, and all of that patience, they take their time.
If we misread this intimate experience, “we may set ourselves up for having our joy stolen.” It would be easy to read this and expect far too much from ourselves or our spouse—but that’s our culture talking, not our Bibles.
Between the buildup of anticipation, the nirvana-like category our culture has assigned sex, and the long, long wait, sometimes that first time is built up out of proportion.”
Our culture is often caught between an ideology that suggests that sex is simply physical—where the timid, delicate stage of virginity is something to “get out of the way” so you can enjoy more sex with more people—and the reality that sex is actually a far more powerful experience when combined with love (and the emotional and spiritual intimacy that comes from familiarity).
So Solomon takes his time appreciating the beauty of his bride. He started from the top and worked his way slowly down, doling out praise in a very measured fashion.
His intimate knowledge of his bride told him that to love her well; building her confidence in her body image was the place to start.
We know from the previous chapters that she likely carried around some insecurity about her body, about her appearance . . . Solomon knew this. And because Solomon was very wise, he also knew that insecure women do not feel safe. Nor do they feel free and sexually uninhibited.”
He compliments the face he sees behind the veil (Song of Solomon 4:3–4), showing his desire and appreciation for her as she already is, as if to say, after all this waiting, “Even just looking at you is pleasurable.”
This slow, methodical approval of her physical beauty doesn’t hinder the experience—it enhances it.
And what we see in his slowness, his poetry, his wise understanding of how she was wired and what she needed to hear is that marital sex according to God’s Word is romantic.
- Sex is tender
“Your two breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle, which graze among the lilies” (Song of Solomon 4:5).
Solomon’s metaphor for his bride’s breasts shows us that despite their mutual affection and desire for one another, Solomon knew her nakedness was delicate. Her body was something to gently approach carefully and slowly. It was not something to snatch up greedily.
Sex is designed to be mutually satisfying. Our anatomies allow for both partners to be satisfied during sex, but the means by which we get there are different, and we’re naturally inclined to focus on pleasing ourselves first.
Solomon, however, took his time to carefully, slowly, approach his bride sexually.
He was interested in more than his own gratification, he wanted his bride to feel sexual pleasure too—but beyond that, he wanted her to feel loved.”
According to Matt Chandlers, one source of frustration in the bedroom is pornography, or perhaps more broadly, the root of pornography—male lust.
Pornography and the sexualization of all-things-women creates false expectations. It’s not a real picture of sex because it’s only one half of the equation. You need a real, broken man and a real, broken woman to complete it.
Sex the way God created it to be is very romantic and, yes, very intense, but also very tender.”
If the intensity of sex is not mutually desired, it’s selfish. At best, the selflessness is one-sided. Tenderness ultimately leads to the most loving, mutually satisfying outcome.
- Sex is passionate
“Until the day breathes and the shadows flee, I will go away to the mountain of myrrh and the hill of frankincense” (Song of Solomon 4:6).
Solomon’s vivid (and perhaps, seemingly bizarre) descriptions of his wife’s body continue as the encounter becomes increasingly sexual. Reading with modern eyes, it’s easy to miss how his carefully-picked compliments continue to dissolve his wife’s insecurities.
He refers to her body as an impossibly beautiful thing he could have only imagined, as she stands completely naked before a man for the first time.
He was out of his mind with passion for her. There were mountain peaks, wild animals—a romantic ferocity, a passion taking place. They were being transported! Maybe you’ve heard some sexual encounters described as out-of-body experiences, this was one of those. They felt swept away.
The passion was so great that this sex became about more than sex and physical gratification. It became the culmination and the means of something greater, something beyond themselves.”
This wasn’t the sinful shadow of passion one feels in a moment of lust. This wasn’t two people ruled by instinct.
The couple in the Song of Solomon possessed a passion akin to adoration. It was awash with glory, not about urges but unction.
- Sex is holy
When you read Song of Solomon 4:12–15, you see a master gardener comparing his wife to a garden full of the most treasured spices and “choicest fruits” some of which are impossible to grow in the same place. He was comparing her body to something no one had ever seen before, something beautiful and valuable and unique—all using other things he loved, cared about, and invested in.
But this was bigger than just a myth found to be true, It was a parallel discovery to the wonder of God’s glory. The freedom of the marriage bed is seen here to be a correlation of, for instance, entering the Holy of Holies after being forbidden access for so long.”
Sex is an earthly pleasure—but it points us to something other-worldly. It’s not just about what feels good. It’s not just about the potential for procreation.
And that is why sex is holy—it is meant to remind us of the God who gave it to us, who takes joy in union with his people. We don’t need to overspiritualize sex to see it this way; we just need to approach it the way the Bible ordained it and be grateful for it.
- Sex is reciprocal
“Awake, O north wind, and come, O south wind! Blow upon my garden, let its spices flow” (Song of Solomon 4:16).
Matt says that in Jewish tradition, the north wind represents strength and the south wind represents gentleness.
What we see here in an ideal sexual encounter between husband and wife. It is a mutually enjoyable and mutually expressive love. And it can remind us that men desire for their wives to desire them too.
- Sex is fulfilling
“I came to my garden, my sister, my bride, I gathered my myrrh with my spice, I ate my honeycomb with my honey, I drank my wine with my milk” (Song of Solomon 5:1).
At the end of their time together, Solomon and his bride were full—or rather, drunk (Song of Solomon 5:1)—with love. They feasted, and they were satisfied.
Lust always wants more. It’s an appetite that’s just as insatiable as the “hook-up” culture is unsustainable. Sooner or later, it collapses along with the broken people left in its wake. Lust steers us towards a desire for more, but without the emotional and spiritual commitment of marriage—without love—it cannot serve the purpose it was designed for. It cannot lead us to the moment when we are full.
If you want to see sex as God created it to be, Song of Solomon 4 is it. When you bring in the context of what led to this moment in the Song as well as the Bible’s teaching on sex in other books, you can see that God is not stingy with joy when it comes to sexuality. If he gives you a gift, he wants you to enjoy it as it is designed to be enjoyed, which will ultimately lead to your satisfaction—not only with the gift itself but also with himself as the Giver.
- Sex is about the Gospel
For some, comparing their marriage or sex life to Solomon’s can be as disheartening as comparing their life to Jesus. The Song of Solomon a picture of God’s ideal marriage—two broken people becoming one flesh as they express a profound love for each other.
Ideals are a double-edged sword. Striving towards something we know we can never reach takes us closer to perfection, while at the same time, leaves us with that haunting feeling that we’ll never get there.
At least not on our own
Intimacy is hard for broken people, we need Jesus and we need his help.
When you’ve gotten closer and closer to the incredible reality that God chose you, forgave you, and approved of you despite your sin, all because of Jesus Christ, that grace is satisfying and empowering, and it can be carried over into your marriage.
It can be carried over in the way you respond to your spouse, confident and free because of Christ’s work in your life.
It can be carried over in the way you forgive your spouse’s sins and overlook his or her imperfections, as a way of sharing what God has given you.”
You are not perfect. Your spouse is not perfect. You are both broken, flawed human beings, brought together by a covenant, and a physical act with a divine purpose.